How To Treat Heat Stroke


 Home treatment isn't sufficient for heatstroke. If you have signs or symptoms of heatstroke, seek emergency medical help. Others should take steps to cool you off while waiting for emergency help to arrive. Heatstroke is common among people living in hot, humid climates. It happens mainly due to a combination of dehydration and heavy exertion out in the sun.

The main sign of heatstroke is a sudden increase in body temperature. Other symptoms include fatigue, headache and dizziness, decreased perspiration, muscle cramps or weakness, a rapid pulse rate, nausea and vomiting, flushed skin or redness, difficulty breathing, confusion and even loss of consciousness. A heat stroke can even progress to coma. Hence, these signs and symptoms should not be ignored and should be dealt with as soon as possible. Here are the best remedies that you can use to treat heat stroke and alleviate the signs and symptoms.


How To Treat Heat Stroke

1. Cold Bath

Soak in a bathtub full of cool water and stay in there for 15-20 minutes. This is a first-aid remedy and can be used before the patient can be taken to the hospital for treatment. This treatment is recommended by specialists in the case of heat stroke due to exertion. The coolness of the water helps to lower the entire body temperature, which has shot up due to heat stroke.

Caution

Do not use ice-cold water as this may drop your body temperature drastically and cause further complications.

2. Onion Juice

This is one of the best remedies for treating a heat stroke. Lot of Ayurvedic practitioners suggest that this should be the first thing that you must reach out for. Applying onion juice behind the ears and on your chest can help bring down your body temperature. For therapeutic purposes onion juice is more desirable, but you can roast some raw onions with cumin and honey and have it. Raw onions in chutneys or salads can also cool your system.

3. Coriander And Mint Leaves Juice

Extracting the juice of coriander or mint leaves and drinking it with a pinch of sugar is an easy home remedy to bring down the body heat. According to Ayurveda, these herbs have a cooling effect on the body. Due to its cooling properties, coriander water is also considered as a great remedy for reducing menopausal heat and flushes. In fact, coriander juice can also be applied for soothing hot itchy skin.

4. Plums

Plums are a great source of antioxidants and are known to be very hydrating. These antioxidants lend anti-inflammatory properties that help in soothing internal inflammation that may be caused due to a heat stroke. Soak some plums in water till they are soft. Mash them in the water and strain it. This drink should be consumed as a remedy for a heat stroke. It is known to calm your body.

5. Sandalwood Paste

Mix some sandalwood powder and apply it on your forehead and chest. Its cooling properties will bring down your body temperature. Alternatively, massage some sandalwood oil on your forehead. You can also use the oil to soothe irritable skin. “In very serious conditions, you should wet the patient’s hair and forehead with cool, icy water. This provides channels for the heat to escape,” recommends Dr. Simran. While all of these may act as cures, they can also be consumed regularly during these sultry days to actually prevent a heat stroke.

6. Drinking Enough Water

Drinking enough water throughout the day should be your utmost priority during the summer to prevent heatstroke.

When temperatures outside continue to rise, your body loses water faster and your body temperature can get high. By increasing your water intake, you can regulate your body temperature, prevent excessive sweating and avoid dehydration. All these factors will help prevent heatstroke.

  • Take regular beverage breaks and, if needed, set an alarm on your phone as a reminder.
  • Keep a water bottle handy so that you can take sips of water while you work or exercise.
  • Drink electrolyte-rich sports drinks to replenish lost electrolytes and water.
  • Drink water before and after exercising.
  • Apart from water, fluids like buttermilk and coconut water are also good options.
  • Avoid fluids containing either caffeine or alcohol as they can lead to dehydration.

Note: Those who have epilepsy; heart, kidney or liver disease; or are on fluid-restricted diets must consult a doctor before increasing liquid intake.

7. Exercise Carefully
Exercise is good for your overall health, but any strenuous activity in the daytime during the summer months can raise your body temperature, leading to heat exhaustion or heatstroke. During the summer season, plan your exercise routine accordingly.

  • Avoid strenuous exercises during the day.
  • Avoid playing outdoor sports during the peak hours of the day.
  • Schedule your vigorous exercises for cooler times of the day.
  • If you go for a morning walk, do it before the outdoor temperature becomes too high.
  • Do aerobic exercises indoors and take regular breaks.
  • Consume enough fluids before, during and after exercising.
  • You can also opt for a gym, but make sure it is air-conditioned.

8. Diet For Heat Stroke

While certain health experts claim that a diet for heat stroke can help prevent the problem to some extent, there are no clinical studies to prove the claim. Nevertheless, the dietary recommendations for a heat stroke could be quite useful. Given below are some of the adjustments you can make to your diet, after a heat stroke.

  • Eat a high amount of fresh fruits and vegetables and especially those that have a cooling effect on the body and contain a lot of water.
  • Avoid any food items that are high in salt, as excess sodium could hamper the regular production of sweat in the body.
  • Drink an additional amount of fluids, like fresh juice or an energy drink as it could replenish the levels of water in your body.
  • Consume some buttermilk, made from yogurt. Not only is this very cooling, but can also be great for the overall health.
  • Add healthy sources of protein to your diet, which mainly include nuts, pulses and olive oil. This will steady your blood sugar levels, thereby preventing heat strokes.
Tips & Precautions For Heat Stroke

  • Always cover your head with a scarf, a hat or an umbrella when stepping out in the Sun.
  • Drink ample amount of water, especially during the summer months. Water will keep your body hydrated and its temperature cool. Carry around a water bottle!
  • Drink lemonade or buttermilk to keep the excess body heat at bay.
  • Wear loose-fitting and absorbent clothes during hot and humid weather conditions.
  • Opt for light-colored clothing during the hot summers as they absorb lesser heat.
  • Do not exert yourself when outside in the Sun. Follow a simple schedule to maintain your energy and keep yourself hydrated during the outdoor workout or game.
  • Sleep 6-8 hours every day and eat a balanced, healthy diet. This will ensure that your body is well rested and has the right amount of vitamins, minerals, and proteins for healthy functioning.

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